In a written reply to a question, MoS (Home) Nityanand Rai informed the Lok Sabha that 2,400 lives were lost in 2018-19, while 2,422 deaths were reported during the period of 2019-2020.
According to provisional data obtained for the current year, most of the deaths were reported from West Bengal, followed by both Gujarat and Maharashtra, which reported 215 deaths each.
The lowest number of deaths were reported from Union Territory of Puducherry (1), Goa (2) and Tripura (5).
While Himachal Pradesh recorded a total of 429 deaths on account of natural disasters in 2018-2019, the number was significantly lower in 2019-2020, with 86 deaths being reported from the region. The state of Kerala too showed a significant drop in deaths from 455 to 125 deaths during the period.
MoS Home also told the House that as informed by Geological Survey of India (GSI), during the monsoon period from April to October; in Western Ghat terrains from April to December, including the phase of Northeast monsoon, landslide incidences occur in almost all landslide-prone areas, In most cases, these are triggered by extreme rainfall events or cloudbursts.
“However, it cannot be conclusively stated from the GSI’s inventory records that these types of fatal events are increasing in recent years,” he stated.
Rai said that during 2021-22, the first instalment of Central share of SDRF amounting to Rs 8,873.60 crore has already been released in advance to all states on April 29, 2021.
Furthermore, Rs 279 crore has been allocated towards J&K Disaster Response Fund, out of which, Rs 108.81 crore has been released upto August 2021 to the UT of Jammu and Kashmir.